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Quick & Dirty Exim Management - TeknikDATA Hosting Hizmetleri

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Quick & Dirty Exim Management

Below are some shell commands that can be used to manage Exim and it's email queue. The commands listed below must be run as root.
Managing Exim Itself

Start/Stop/Restart Exim
    
/etc/init.d/exim start|stop|restart

Print what Exim is doing right now
    
exiwhat

Test how exim will route a given email address
    
exim -bt email@address.tld

Generate and display Exim stats from a logfile
    
eximstats /path/to/exim_mainlog

Run a pretend SMTP transaction from the command line, as if it were coming from the given IP address. This will display Exim’s checks, ACLs, and filters as they are applied. Replace x.x.x.x with the IP you want to use as the source

    
exim -bh x.x.x.x

Display all of Exim’s configuration settings

    
exim -bP

Queue Information

Print a count of messages in the queue
    
exim -bpc

Print a listing of the messages in the queue (time queued, size, message-id, sender, recipient)
    
exim -bp

Print a summary of messages in the queue (count, volume, oldest, newest, domain, and totals)
    
exim -bp | exiqsumm

Searching the Queue

Search the queue for messages from a specific sender

    
exiqgrep -f [user]@domain

Search the queue for messages for a specific recipient/domain

    
exiqgrep -r [user]@domain

Print just the message-id as a result of one of the above two searches

    
exiqgrep -i [ -r | -f ] ...

Print a count of messages matching one of the above searches

    
exiqgrep -c [ -r | -f ] ...

Print just the message-id of the entire queue

    
exiqgrep -i

Viewing Messages In The Queue

View a message's headers:

    
exim -Mvh <message-id>

View a message's body:

    
exim -Mvb <message-id>

View a message's logs:

    
exim -Mvl <message-id>

Queue Management

Start a queue run
    
exim -q -v

Start a queue run for just local deliveries
    
exim -ql -v

Remove a message from the queue
    
exim -Mrm <message-id>

Remove all messages older than X seconds from the queue(for example 5 days would be 432000 seconds)
    
exiqgrep -o 432000 -i | xargs exim -Mrm

Freeze all queued mail from a sender
    
exiqgrep -i -f email@address.tld | xargs exim -Mf

View a queued message's header
    
exim -Mvh <message-id>

View a queued message's body
    
exim -Mvb <message-id>

View a queued message's log
    
exim -Mvl <message-id>

Remove all messages from the queue (usually a bad idea), note the -P25 switch passed to xargs. This option tells xargs to run 25 concurrent exim removal processes.
    
exiqgrep -i | xargs -P25 exim -Mrm

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